The electrophysiological actions of dopamine and dopaminergic drugs on neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta and ventral tegmental area
by
Mercuri NB; Calabresi P; Bernardi G
Clinica Neurologica,
II Università di Roma, Italy.
Life Sci, 1992, 51:10, 711-8


ABSTRACT

The dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta and ventral tegmental area play a crucial role in regulating movement and cognition respectively. Several lines of evidence suggest that a degeneration of dopaminergic cells in the substantia nigra produces the symptoms of Parkinson's disease. On the other hand, a hyperactivity of the dopaminergic transmission in the brain induces dyskinesia, dystonia and psychosis. It is also well established that the euphoric and rewarding responses evoked by drugs of addiction, such as amphetamine and cocaine, are mediated by central dopamine systems. Electrophysiological experiments which study the activity of single dopaminergic neurons in the ventral mesencephalon have shown that dopamine and dopaminergic drugs reduce the firing frequency of these cells. This is due to the stimulation of D2-D3 autoreceptors and to a hyperpolarization of the membrane produced by an increase in potassium conductance. In addition, substances which increase the release (amphetamine), the synthesis (levodopa) or block the uptake (cocaine, nomifensine, amineptine) of dopamine in the brain inhibit the firing activity of the dopaminergic cells throughout dopamine-mediated mechanisms. In this review, we will briefly examine the literature concerning the physiological and behavioural responses caused by dopamine and dopaminergic agents on the dopaminergic neurons of the ventral mesencephalon. Our conclusion suggests that the electrophysiological actions of dopamine and dopamine-related drugs on dopaminergic cells in the ventral mesencephalon might be indicative of the pharmacological effects of these agents on the brain.


Efficacy
Early onset?
Comparisons
Pharmacology
Amineptine excess
Amineptine and sex
Mesolimbic dopamine
Amineptine and the rat
Dopaminergic fast actors
Amineptine and smart mice
Amineptine and smarter dogs
Amineptine for amphetamine withdrawal
Amineptine and other dopaminergic agents
Amineptine, cocaine and the undiscriminating mouse



Refs
and further reading

HOME
HedWeb
Nootropics
erythroxylum-coca.com
Future Opioids
BLTC Research
MDMA/Ecstasy
Superhapiness?
Utopian Surgery?
The Abolitionist Project
The Hedonistic Imperative
The Reproductive Revolution
Critique of Huxley's Brave New World

The Good Drug Guide
The Good Drug Guide

The Responsible Parent's Guide
To Healthy Mood Boosters For All The Family